Research Progress of Coronary Physiological Evaluation Development in 2021

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    Cardiovascular disease is one of the most serious diseases endangering human life and health. In China, 2 out of every 5 people die of cardiovascular diseases. Myocardial ischemia is one of the important cardiovascular diseases. Fractional flow reserve (FFR) is used to quantify myocardial ischemia in epicardial stenoses. Index of microvascular resistance (IMR) is an invasive index for quantitative evaluation of coronary microcirculation. Traditional FFR and IMR measurements rely on guide wires to perform interventional measurements under the maximum hyperemia state,so as to assist the diagnosis of myocardial ischemia clinically. Coronary angiography-derived FFR and IMR without using invasive pressure-wire measurement, hyperemic stimulus and contraindications can assist the diagnosis and treatment of percutaneous coronary intervention by fast simultaneous calculation of FFR and IMR. In this review, the research progress of coronary angiography-derived FFR and IMR as well as other coronary physiological evaluation in recent years were summarized. It is of great clinical value to further study the combination of coronary angiography-derived FFR and IMR in functional research of coronary circulation from macro to micro.

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HUO Yunlong. Research Progress of Coronary Physiological Evaluation Development in 2021[J]. Journal of medical biomechanics,2022,37(3):389-394

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  • Received:June 01,2022
  • Revised:June 02,2022
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  • Online: June 24,2022
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