髌股疼痛综合征下肢动作模式特征与康复治疗研究进展
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苏州大学 体育学院

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Research Progress on the Characteristics of Lower Limb Movement Pattern and Rehabilitation Treatment of Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome
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    摘要:

    髌股疼痛综合征(PFPS)因其高发病率、低治愈率的现状已成为康复治疗领域的热点病种。研究发现,PFPS患者解剖学异常、疼痛因素导致肌肉活动改变与肌力不足会引起下肢髋膝踝关节产生错误动作模式,这种错误的动作模式会导致病情加重,不利于患者康复。通过运动疗法、贴扎、神经肌肉训练以及关节矫形器可以改善该情况,髋、膝、踝动作模式的改善均可减轻PFPS的疼痛。本文对PFPS患者患病后动作模式特征以及相应康复治疗方法进行总结,为该疾病的康复提供参考。

    Abstract:

    Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) has become an international hot spot due to its high incidence rate and low cure rate. The study found that the abnormal anatomy, muscle activity changes due to pain and insufficient muscle strength in patients with PFPS can cause wrong movement patterns of hip, knee and ankle joints, which will lead to the aggravation of the disease. It can be improved by exercise therapy, taping, neuromuscular training and joint orthosis. The improvement of wrong movement patterns can reduce the pain. In this paper, the movement pattern characteristics of patients with PFPS after illness and the corresponding rehabilitation treatment methods were summarized to provide reference for the rehabilitation of the disease.

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  • 收稿日期:2021-04-07
  • 最后修改日期:2021-07-16
  • 录用日期:2021-07-22
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