心血管疾病是威胁居民健康的重要因素之一，居各种死因首位，因此对人体心血管健康状况的监测和诊断尤为重要。相较于传统的外周动脉压，中心动脉压（Central Arterial Pressure, CAP）与许多心血管事件的发生有更高的相关性，通过对中心动脉压的测量可以更加准确地反映人体血压的真实情况，并为诊断和疾病的预防提供重要依据。因此，实现高精度、高泛化能力、低成本的中心动脉压无创测量方法一直是该领域的研究重点。本文结合国内外的相关文献，总结现有的中心动脉压测量现状，从参数测量与波形测量两个方面介绍相关的研究进展，并对现有方法的特点以及未来的发展方向进行探讨。
Cardiovascular disease is one of the important factors that threaten the health of residents, ranking first among various causes of death, so the monitoring and diagnosis of human cardiovascular health is particularly important. Compared with traditional brachial artery pressure, central arterial pressure (CAP) has a higher correlation with the occurrence of many cardiovascular events. The measurement of central arterial pressure can more accurately reflect the real situation of human blood pressure, And provide an important basis for diagnosis and disease prevention. Therefore, the realization of high-precision, high-generalization ability, and low-cost non-invasive measurement of central arterial pressure has always been the focus of research in this field. This article combines the relevant literature at home and abroad to summarize the current status of central arterial pressure measurement, introduces related research progress from two aspects of parameter measurement and waveform measurement, and discusses the characteristics of the existing methods and the future development direction.